JAPAN: MARKET-BASED CLIMATE POLICY CASE STUDY

Sulfr hexafluoride, in the main economic activities: energy sector, industrial processes, agriculture, waste and forestry. Actions that reduce GHG emissions or enhance GHG removals are required to meet the following requirements: • they must be implemented within Japan; • they must have been implemented after 1 April, 2013; • they can demonstrateGet price

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN (2017) Content reviewed by . Low-carbon Society Promotion Office, Global Environment Bureau, Ministry of the Environment, Japan . Primary Authors . Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO), Center for Global Environmental Research (CGER), National Institute for Environmental Studies (NIES)Get price

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of Japan 2016 iii CGER-Ixxx-2015, CGER/NIES Preface Under the Kyoto Protocol accepted by Japan in June 2002, quantified targets for reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases were set for each of the Annex I Parties including Japan. The targetGet price

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimation Methods established in November 1999 and has been often held since then. In compiling GHGs inventories, the Greenhouse Gas Inventory Office of Japan (GIO) would like to acknowledge not just the work of the Committee members in seeking to develop the methodology, butGet price

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of JAPAN

National Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report of Japan 2008 iii Table of Contents Foreword i Preface ii Contents iii EXECUTIVE SUMMARY OF NATIONAL GHGS INVENTRY REPORT OF JAPAN 2008 1 E.S.1. BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORIES AND CLIMATE CHANGE 1 E.S.2.Get price

Japan to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions to net-zero by 2050

Oct 22, 2020 · Japan to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions to net-zero by 2050 The Japanese government will soon commit to cutting greenhouse gas emissions to net-zero by 2050, according to Nikkei Asia. The new target, which the news outlet says will be revealed in a speech to parliament by prime minister Yoshihide Suga next week, marks a significant shift inGet price

Japan aims to reduce greenhouse emissions to zero in second

Jun 11, 2019 · The Cabinet approved a plan Tuesday to reduce greenhouse emissions to zero in the second half of the 21st century as part of its strategy to fight climate It looks like you're using an ad blocker.Get price

Decomposition of Potent Greenhouse Gas Sulfur Hexafluoride

The Decomposition Products of Sulfur Hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) with Metals Dissolved in Liquid Ammonia. Inorganics 2017, 5 (4) , 68. DOI: 10.3390/inorganics5040068. Xiaoxing Zhang, Hanyan Xiao, Ju Tang, Zhaolun Cui, Ying Zhang. Recent advances in decomposition of the most potent greenhouse gas SF 6.Get price

GHG Emissions from LNG Operations

methane emissions, where the latter two are greenhouse gases. Global transport of LNG is predicated on close attention to the regional difference of the heating values of distributed natural gas with which the regasified LNG must be compatible: Asia (Japan, Korea, Taiwan – distributed gas typically has an HHV that is higher than 1,090Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 13, 2019 · Itthe most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned. Sulphur hexafluoride, or insulating gas, is widely used in the electricalGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas Sulfr hexafluoride are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as sf 6 – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

For decades, insulating gas has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, sf 6 has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment. The electrical power industry has demonstrated an ability and willingness to respond to these environmental issuesGet price

4th International Conference on Sulfr hexafluoride and the Environment

U.S. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and GHG Emission Trading Opportunities, Christopher Sherry, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; 1:45 pm: Utility Breakout Session III: insulating gas Reductions: Global Opportunities and Challenges. gaz sf6 Reduction Opportunities in Africa, Bayo Adeniyi, Power Holding Company of NigeriaGet price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

Abstract: For decades, sf 6 has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, sf6 gas has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment.Get price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

Tracer gas in fume hoods, microbubbles as contrast agent in ultrasound equipment, treatment of retinal detachment by reinopexy. A ccording to global EPA data the primary global greenhouse gas emissions are approximately 76-80% carbon dioxide, 10-16% methane, 5-7% nitrous oxide, and 2-3% fluorinated gases.Get price

CDM Project Activity List (Validation) | Validation and

JQA is a validation and verification body for environmental affairs such as CDM (Clean Development Mechanism), GHG (Greenhouse Gas) Emission and Environmental Report.Get price

Japangreenhouse gas emissions fell 1.2% in fiscal 2017 as

Apr 16, 2019 · Japan’s greenhouse gas emissions fell 1.2 percent in fiscal 2017 — a fourth straight year of decline — as the use of renewable energy increased, the Environment Ministry said Tuesday.Get price

EU legislation to control F-gases | Climate Action

F-Gas Regulation from 2015International ActionGuidanceMac DirectiveConsultation ForumThe current F-gas Regulation, which applies since 1 January 2015, replaces the original F-gas Regulation adopted in 2006. The implementing Regulations of the original Regulation remain in force and continue to apply until new acts are adopted.The current Regulation strengthened the previous measures and introduced far-reaching changes by: 1. Limiting the total amount of the most important F-gases that can be sold in the EU from 2015 onwards and phasing them down in steps to one-fifth of 2014...Get price

Kyoto Protocol - Targets for the first commitment period | UNFCCC

* The 15 States who were EU members in 1997 when the Kyoto Protocol was adopted, took on that 8% target that will be redistributed among themselves, taking advantage of a scheme under the Protocol known as a “bubble”, whereby countries have different individual targets, but which combined makeGet price

Myth About sf6 gas Gas In Electrical Equipment

Aug 24, 2017 · It has no ecotoxic potential, it does not deplete ozone. Due to its high global warming potential of 22.200 (*) it may contribute to the man made greenhouse-effect, if it is released into the atmosphere. However in electrical switchgear the gaz sf6 gas is always used in gas-tight compartments, greatly minimising leakage. This make the real impactGet price

PGE Phases Out gaz sf6 Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

Efforts to Reduce our Greenhouse Gas Emission - Fujitsu

Basic ApproachPreventing Global Warming from Business SitesTargets Under The Fujitsu Group Environmental Action PlanGHG Emissions Report Based on GHG Protocol Standards*5Responding to Climate ChangeWe are working to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases associated with all our Group business activities. These actions include reducing emissions of CO2, due to energy consumption, and other greenhouse gases at business sites (our factories and offices), and reducing emissions associated with transportation. Furthermore, we are working to prevent global warming throughout all areas of business activity by helping to cut greenhouse gas emissions from our customers and society in general by developing eco-friendly products that contribute to reducing environmental burdens and by providing ICT solutions.Get price

Japan Revises Down Emission Figures Cut by Renewables

Apr 14, 2020 · Japan’s greenhouse gas output fell for a fifth year to 1.240 billion tons, according to the revised data, slightly less than the 1.244 billion estimated in November. Emissions were down 12% fromGet price

2013 Supplement to the 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National

for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories: Wetlands . Methodological Guidance on Lands with Wet and Drained Soils, and Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment . Edited by . Takahiko Hiraishi, Thelma Krug, Kiyoto Tanabe, Nalin Srivastava, Baasansuren Jamsranjav, Maya Fukuda and Tiffany Troxler . Task Force on National Greenhouse Gas InventoriesGet price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

May 24, 2021 · Technical Report on alternative to Sulfr hexafluoride gas in MV HV electrical equipment TD Europe is the European association of the electricity transmission and distribution equipment and services industry. Its scope includes the complete range of products and services necessary to transmit and distribute electricity in high- and medium-voltages, betweenGet price

Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990

Feb 11, 2019 · For a list of all archived reports, view the U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report Archive. For the most recent report, view EPAInventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. Download the Report Tables. 2019 Main Report Tables (359 K) 2019 Annex Tables (328 K) Fast Facts (PDF) (3 pp, 1 MB, April 11, 2019, 430-F-19-001) View the ReportGet price

EIA - Greenhouse Gas Emissions Overview

Total EmissionsEnergy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions by Fuel and End UseDecomposition of U.S. Greenhouse Gas ChangesGreenhouse Gas Emissions in The U.S. EconomyU.S. Emissions in A Global PerspectiveRecent U.S. and International Developments in Global Climate ChangeSpecial Topic: Energy and Carbon Initiatives at The U.S. Department of EnergyUnits For Measuring Greenhouse GasesMethodology Updates For This ReportTotal U.S. anthropogenic (human-caused) greenhouse gas emissions in 2009 were 5.8 percent below the 2008 total (Table 1). The decline in total emissions—from 6,983 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) in 2008 to 6,576 MMTCO2e in 2009—was the largest since emissions have been tracked over the 1990-2009 time frame. It was largely the result of a 419-MMTCO2e drop in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (7.1 percent). There was a small increase of 7 MMTCO2e (0.9 percent) in methane (CH4) emissions, and an increase of 8 MMTCO2e (4.9 percent), based on partial data, in emissions of man-made gases with high global warming potentials (high-GWP gases). (Draft estimates for emissions of HFC and PFC substitutes for ozone-depleting substances in 2009 are included; 2008 data are used for emissions of other high-GWP gases.) Emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O), on the other hand, fell by 4 MMTCO2e (1.7 percent). The decrease in U.S. CO2emissions in 2009 resulted primarily from three fact...Get price

Statewide Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory for 2009

The Statewide greenhouse gas limit for 2020 is to stabilize emissions to levels seen in 1990, which is 125.6 MMTCO2eq. As in 2008, 2009 Statewide greenhouse gas emissions were under the 2020 limit. The Statewide greenhouse gas limit for 2050 is 80 percent less than the 2006 level of Statewide greenhouse gas emissions, or 25.4 MMTCO2e.Get price

Scope 1,2,3 Emissions - University of Michigan

Mar 11, 2019 · Greenhouse gases GWP Carbon dioxide (CO2) 1 Methane (CH4) 28 Nitrous Oxide (N2O) 265 Hydrofluorocarbons (e.g., HFC 134a) 1300 Perfluorcarbon (e.g., CF4) 6630 Sulfur Hexafluoride (sf 6) 23,500 Source: IPCC 2013 (Fifth Assessment Report)Get price