Mitigating Green House Gas Emissions in Indonesia through

mangrove 5forests. However, Indonesia consistently has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world and is one of the top 10 greenhouse gases (GHG) emitters. An estimated 63 percent of Indonesia’s GHG emissions stem from land use change, deforestation, and forest and peat land fires.Get price

The Carbon Brief Profile: Indonesia

PoliticsParis PledgeDeforestation, Palm Oil and FireCoalRenewablesClimate LawsClimate FinanceImpacts and AdaptationIndonesia is the world’s third largest democracy and almost 260 million people live across its chain of islands, of which there are an estimated 17,508. It also has the world’s largest Muslim population and is highly ethnically diverse, supporting more than 300 local languages. The country has held general elections since 1955, but only began holding presidential elections in 2004. Its current leader, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo, was elected in 2014 and will face another election this April. Widodo is a member of the “left-of-centre” Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) and leads a majority coalition government with the support of nine political parties. Widodo is the first president in Indonesia to not come from an elite military or political background and remains untainted by the corruption allegations that dog other government officials. A year before he was elected, the Economist described him as “an honest man”. However, he faces criticismfor doing little to adva...Get price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas insulating gas are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as gaz sf6 – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

A review of land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia

This study examines underlying reasons for differences among land-based greenhouse gas flux estimates in Indonesia, where six national inventories reported average emissions of between 0.4 and 1.1 Gt CO2e yr−1 over the 2000–2012 period. The large range among estimates is only somewhat smaller than IndonesiaGHG mitigation commitment.Get price

Indonesia worldNo. 3 greenhouse gas emitter: report | Reuters

Jun 04, 2007 · Indonesia is among the worldtop three greenhouse gas emitters because of deforestation, peatland degradation and forest fires, a report sponsored by the World Bank and Britaindevelopment armGet price

Sulfr hexafluoride HANDLING PROCEDURE - epa.gov

1. Sulfur Hexafluoride Gas a. Clean sf6 gas gas is an inert, stable, colorless, odorless, nontoxic, nonflammable gas. It is approximately five times heavier than air and will displace air in confined areas. Sulfr hexafluoride gas contains no oxygen and will not support life.Get price

Sulfur hexafluoride - Wikipedia

Sulfur hexafluoride or sulphur hexafluoride, is an extremely potent and persistent greenhouse gas that is primarily utilized as an electrical insulator and arc suppressant. It is inorganic, colorless, odorless, non-flammable, and non-toxic. SF 6 has an octahedral geometry, consisting of six fluorine atoms attached to a central sulfur atom. It is a hypervalent molecule. Typical for a nonpolar gas, SF 6 is poorly soluble in water but quite soluble in nonpolar organic solvents. It has a density ofGet price

4 Charts Explain Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Countries and

The Energy Sector Produces The Most Greenhouse Gas EmissionsBuildings and Cars Are The Main Activities Driving Energy-Related Emissions10 Countries Produce More Than 68% of Global Greenhouse Gas EmissionsCarbon Dioxide Makes Up Most, But Not All, Greenhouse Gas EmissionsGreenhouse Gas Emissions Must Be Reduced Rapidly to Avert The Climate CrisisEnergy consumption is by far the biggest source of human-caused greenhouse gas emissions, responsible for a whopping 73%worldwide. The energy sector includes transportation, electricity and heat, buildings, manufacturing and construction, fugitive emissions and other fuel combustion. The other top sectors that produce emissions are agriculture, such as livestock and crop cultivation(12%); land use, land-use change and forestry, such as deforestation (6.5%); industrial processes of chemicals, cement and more (5.6%); and waste, including landfills and waste water (3.2%). Within the energy sector, generation of heat and electricityis responsible for most emissions (15 GtCO2e in 2016, or 30% of total greenhouse gas emissions), followed by transportation (7.9 GtCO2e in 2016, or 15% of total emissions) and manufacturing and construction (6.1 GtCO2e, or 12% of total emissions). View a static version of this graphic here.Get price

Greenhouse gas emission reductions through use of a

For decades, insulating gas has been a dielectric medium commonly used in electrical power applications, particularly for high voltage equipment. However, sf 6 has long been recognized as a potent greenhouse gas and governments have sought to reduce emissions from gas-insulated equipment. The electrical power industry has demonstrated an ability and willingness to respond to these environmental issuesGet price

Indonesia-Norway LoI on Cooperation on Reducing Greenhouse

Oct 10, 2020 · Some perceived the LoI as a semi-political move as it was signed immediately after the then-President of Indonesia, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, made a bold speech at the G20 Meeting London in 2009, declaring that Indonesia would be able to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 21% on its own, or up to 46% if the international communityGet price

PGE Phases Out sf6 gas Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost. Eliminating the use of SF 6 would eliminate future leaks and result in reduced operating cost.Get price

INDONESIA’S GREENHOUSE GAS ABATEMENT COST CURVE

26 percent cut in our greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020 (as against projections of our business as usual emissions). President Soesilo Bambang Yudhoyono has stated that – with the right level of international support – Indonesia can cut 41 percent of its emissions, which would in turn deliver nearly 7 percent of theGet price

E.ON plans to eliminate greenhouse gas in gas-insulated

Solutions Mobility for Companies. E.ON Drive Booster E.ON Optimum Energy for your Business Gas Solutions. News EventsGet price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

Tracer gas in fume hoods, microbubbles as contrast agent in ultrasound equipment, treatment of retinal detachment by reinopexy. A ccording to global EPA data the primary global greenhouse gas emissions are approximately 76-80% carbon dioxide, 10-16% methane, 5-7% nitrous oxide, and 2-3% fluorinated gases.Get price

Greenhouse gas

SourcesRegional and National Attribution of EmissionsEffect of PolicyProjectionsBibliographyExternal LinksSince about 1750 human activity has increased the concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. As of 2001, measured atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide were 100 ppm higher than pre-industrial levels. Natural sources of carbon dioxide are more than 20 times greater than sources due to human activity,but over periods longer than a few years natural sources are closely balanced by natural sinks, mainly photosynthesis of carbon compounds by plants and marine plankton. As a result of this balance, the atmospheric mole fraction of carbon dioxide remained between 260 and 280 parts per million for the 10,000 years between the end of the last glacial maximum and the start of the industrial era. It is likely that anthropogenic (i.e., human-induced) warming, such as that due to elevated greenhouse gas levels, has had a discernible influence on many physical and biological systems. Future warming is projected to have a range of impacts, including sea level rise, increase...Get price

Tracking Down the Greenhouse Gas insulating gas with Infrared - EPA

insulating gas Gas Detection Development of sf 6 Leak Detection • Early systems for detecting sf 6 gas emissions relied on a combination of infrared imaging and active CO2 laser illumination. • Called Backscatter Absorption Gas Imaging (BAGI) – A CO2 laser is scanned over the target areaGet price

Could renewables be emitting the most potent greenhouse gas

Sep 16, 2019 · Emissions of what is thought to be the most potent greenhouse gas in existence are rising rapidly – and it could be due to renewables.. That’s according to reports from the BBC, which claimsGet price

Greenhouse Gas Reductions: sf 6 (Multimedia) | ScienceCinema

Apr 20, 2012 · sf6 gas is a gas used in industry as an anti-arcing agent. It is an extremely potent greenhouse gas — one pound of sf 6 is equivalent to 12 tons of carbon dioxide. While the U.S. does not currently regulate sf 6 emissions, Argonne is proactively and voluntarily recovering and recycling to reduce sf6 gas emissions.Get price

Main Greenhouse Gases | Center for Climate and Energy Solutions

Main Greenhouse Gases. Multiple gases contribute to the greenhouse effect that sets Earth’s temperature over geologic time. Small changes in the atmospheric concentration of these gases can lead to changes in temperature that make the difference between ice ages when mastodons roamed the Earth, and the sweltering heat in which the dinosaurs lived.Get price

Myth About gaz sf6 Gas In Electrical Equipment

Aug 24, 2017 · From 0kV thru 800kV insulating gas is my choice for the insulating and arc-extinguishing characteristics delivered by gaz sf6. it is heavier than air, and just as the old OCB’s were designed, the sf6 gas chamber and contacts are designed much like they were, whereby a “puff” of Sulfr hexafluoride gas is jettisoned right through the arc zone thus assuring the thorough extinguishing of the arc.Get price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

May 24, 2021 · blue products have very high public and market acceptance thanks to greenhouse gas-free operation, low maintenance, and simple end of life treatment. Use of environmentally safe materials Beyond materials and substances meeting health safety standards (i.e. REACH, RoHS in Europe), a material impact analysis is an integral part of the designGet price

Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Land Reclamation

Dec 31, 2018 · The indirect impacts can involve geological changes and increase vulnerability to natural disasters. Reclamation processes also result in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from vehicle and machinery fuel use and through the release of carbon stored in vegetation, soils and sediment in mangroves and seagrass ecosystems.Get price

Aiste Lankininkaite - Specialist of Sustainable energy

View Aiste Lankininkaite’s profile on LinkedIn, the worldlargest professional community. Aiste has 3 jobs listed on their profile. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Aiste’sGet price

Thousands of kilos of potent greenhouse gas leaked from an

Nov 12, 2019 · sf 6 is a greenhouse gas with a global warming potential 23,000 times that of carbon dioxide. By Christina Finn Tuesday 12 Nov 2019, 6:10 AM Nov 12th 2019, 6:10 AM 25,755 Views 28 CommentsGet price

Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters

Nov 28, 2008 · Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Perspectives on the Top 20 Emitters and Developed Versus Developing Nations Climate change is a global issue1; however, greenhouse gas emissions data on a global basis are incomplete. Some developing countries have no institutions for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions and have never reported such emissions to theGet price

List Of Greenhouse Gases - WorldAtlas

IntroductionSafetyUsesPropertiesOzone presents itself in two forms, stratospheric and tropospheric. Stratospheric ozone occurs naturally. Tropospheric ozone, however, is a greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. Humans produce this gas through industrial plants, chemical solvents, and burning fossil fuels. Prior to industrialization, tropospheric ozone was concentrated at 25 parts per billion in the atmosphere. Today, it is at approximately 34 parts. When O3 mixes with carbon monoxide, the combination results in smog. Taking public transportation, avoiding pesticides, and buying natural cleaning products are all ways to reduce ozone production. Nitrogen trifluoride is produced by industrial gas and chemical companies. It is recognized by the Kyoto Protocol as a greenhouse gas that contributes to global climate change. It has an atmospheric life of between 550 and 740 years. Under this environmental treaty, member countries have committed to reducing emissions of this gas.Get price

Gas-Insulated Switchgear Market by Voltage Rating, Insulation

Jul 01, 2020 · A gas-insulated switchgear uses the dielectric gas sulfur hexafluoride, also known as insulating gas, at moderate pressure for phase-to-phase and phase-to-ground insulation.Get price

Green Energy Has a Greenhouse Gas Emissions Problem, but

Sep 16, 2019 · Sulfur hexafluoride, or Sulfr hexafluoride, is an inexpensive, colorless, odorless gas used that the electrical industry uses to prevent accidents and short circuits. It is remarkably effective at insulating medium and high-voltage electrical installations, which prevents electrical mishaps and fires.Get price