Regulation of Air Pollution: South Africa

Dec 30, 2020 · In 2017, the Minister declared the following greenhouse gases to be priority pollutants: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (insulating gas). Persons engaged in the production processes listed in the declaration, including coal mining, cement production, and electricity production facilities, are required to submit pollution prevention plans to the Minister and must monitor, evaluate, and report on theGet price

GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA - Environment

8 GHG INVENTORY FOR SOUTH AFRICA 2000 - 2010 2. Trends in GHG emissions 63 2.1 Trends for aggregated GHG emissions 63 2.2 Emission trends by gas 65 2.2.1 Carbon dioxide 65 2.2.2 Methane 65 2.2.3 Nitrous oxide 66 2.2.4 Fluorinated gases 66 2.3 Emission trends specified by source category 68Get price

Have your say on greenhouse gas emissions guidelines | SAnews

Aug 31, 2020 · South Africa is currently implementing a voluntary mitigation system, focusing on the country’s greenhouse gas emission reduction commitments. These are contained in South Africa’s Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), deposited with United Nations in 2015. South Africa has committed to mitigating the effects of climate change throughGet price

Emissions of the powerful greenhouse gas Sulfr hexafluoride are rising

But there’s a problem: it’s also one of the most potent greenhouse gases known to man. The amount of the gas – known as Sulfr hexafluoride – in the atmosphere is minute, only about three parts per trillion by volume, but its global warming potential is significant.Get price

Renewable energy in South Africa Potentials, barriers and

This paper seeks to analyse South Africa’s domestic options for a low-carbon development path by examining the prospects for renewable energy markets. It is arranged as follows. Section 2 discusses the impact of climate change on South Africa and thus its motivation to join in the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.Get price

South Africa aims to reach net zero emissions in 2050 - while

Sep 16, 2020 · The South African cabinet has approved a goal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to net zero by 2050, but it still plans to burn coal on this date. The government called the low emission development strategy (LEDS) “the beginning of our journey towards ultimately reaching a net zero economy by 2050”.Get price

PGE Phases Out sf6 gas Greenhouse Gas | TD World

Feb 21, 2019 · Like carbon dioxide, SF 6 is a greenhouse gas. While CO 2 has a global warming potential (GWP) of one, SF 6 has a GWP of 23,500. Although PGE reduced its SF 6 leak rate to nearly 1%, this came with an extreme operating cost.Get price

Summary Guidance for Operators of Equipment Containing SF and

text “Contains fluorinated greenhouse gases covered by the Kyot. o Protocol” and an indication of the type of gas (i.e. SF. 6) and amount of the gas contained within the system. For other equipment containing either . 6. st. or PFCs placed on the EU market from 1SF January 2017, labels will be required to indicate the quantity of F-gasGet price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 13, 2019 · Itthe most powerful greenhouse gas known to humanity, and emissions have risen rapidly in recent years, the BBC has learned. Sulphur hexafluoride, or Sulfr hexafluoride, is widely used in the electricalGet price

Full Disclosure: What SA’s top 10 greenhouse gas emit...

Eskom heads the list with 39% of South Africa’s GHG emissions. Sasol in second place (with 13.5%), emits more than “every car, truck, bus, train, and plane in South Africa combined”.Get price

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Reduction

Tracer gas in fume hoods, microbubbles as contrast agent in ultrasound equipment, treatment of retinal detachment by reinopexy. A ccording to global EPA data the primary global greenhouse gas emissions are approximately 76-80% carbon dioxide, 10-16% methane, 5-7% nitrous oxide, and 2-3% fluorinated gases.Get price

sf 6 – once a saviour for the electricity industry, now a pariah

Sep 25, 2020 · In 2017 alone, Sulfr hexafluoride leaks in the UK and EU achieved the same environmental damage as putting an extra 1.3 million cars on the road, with an 8.1% increase in Sulfr hexafluoride emissions across Europe in that yearGet price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens South Africa

The research related to the “Impact assessment of F-gas free medium-voltage GIS applications”, i.e. it investigated the environmental and socio-economic impact of Sulfr hexafluoride and F-gas free alternatives. Position Paper, 10 February 2020Get price

South Africa: Have Your Say On Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Aug 31, 2020 · The Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries has invited public comments on draft Technical Guidelines for Validation and Verification of Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHGs).Get price

Government Gaette Staatskoerant - Environment

a tonne of a greenhouse gas over a given period (e.g., 100 years for the purpose of annual greenhouse gas inventory) to a tonne of Carbon Dioxide. By using GWPs, greenhouse gas emissions can be standardised to a carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2-eq); “installation” means a device, operation or process that provides a particular service or isGet price

National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act: Proposed

Oct 07, 2019 · National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act: Proposed amendment: National Greenhouse Gas Emission Reporting Regulations: Comments invitedGet price

Climate change: Electrical industry'dirty secret' boosts

Sep 14, 2019 · Sulphur hexafluoride, or gaz sf6, is widely used in the electrical industry to prevent short circuits and accidents. But leaks of the little-known gas in the UK and the rest of the EU in 2017 were the equivalent of putting an extra 1.3 million cars on the road.Get price

Myth About sf6 gas Gas In Electrical Equipment

Aug 24, 2017 · It has no ecotoxic potential, it does not deplete ozone. Due to its high global warming potential of 22.200 (*) it may contribute to the man made greenhouse-effect, if it is released into the atmosphere. However in electrical switchgear the gaz sf6 gas is always used in gas-tight compartments, greatly minimising leakage. This make the real impactGet price

SA in the green when it comes to its environmental goals

Sep 12, 2014 · South Africa’s national greenhouse gas inventory remains one of the most progressive national emissions inventories of those produced by developing countries. It is the result of a long-standingGet price

EU legislation to control F-gases | Climate Action

26/09/2011 - COM (2011) 581 - Report from the Commission on the application, effects and adequacy of the Regulation on certain fluorinated greenhouse gases (Regulation (EC) No 842/2006) 2006 F-gas Regulation. 17/05/2006 - Commission Regulation (EC) No 842/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain fluorinated greenhouse gasesGet price

Medium Voltage blue GIS | Systems | Siemens Global

May 24, 2021 · blue products have very high public and market acceptance thanks to greenhouse gas-free operation, low maintenance, and simple end of life treatment. Use of environmentally safe materials Beyond materials and substances meeting health safety standards (i.e. REACH, RoHS in Europe), a material impact analysis is an integral part of the designGet price

Gas insulated power transformers: A growing technology - EE

Mar 12, 2018 · Gas insulated transformers (GITs) have been in use since the 1960s, but use has been restricted due to higher costs and other reasons. Gas is used as an insulating and cooling agent in gas insulated transformers. Sulphur hexafluoride (SF 6) is the main gas used in these types of transformer at present although other gases are under developmentGet price

Worldmost powerful greenhouse gas on the rise 'due to

Sep 13, 2019 · T he most powerful known greenhouse gas has been leaking into the Earthatmosphere due to the green energy boom, it was reported on Friday night.. Sulphur hexafluoride, or Sulfr hexafluoride, is widely used inGet price

Engineering News | Topics | Sponsored Content - Insulation

Water Treatment, Purification and Desalination Eskom fully supports South Africa’s lower-carbon trajectory which uses pure air instead of the industry-standard gaz sf6 greenhouse gasGet price

SA needs to act on reducing its carbon emissions, says

Aug 24, 2020 · She added that it was now a scientifically accepted fact that climate change resulted from greenhouse gas emissions. Historically, Africa contributed just 1% of greenhouses gasses and currentlyGet price

ABB commissions world’s first switchgear installation with

Aug 24, 2015 · The fluoroketone based Sulfr hexafluoride alternative gas mixture is a chemical compound developed for switchgear applications in collaboration with 3M. Global warming potential (GWP) of the new gas mixture is almost 100 percent lower than that of Sulfr hexafluoride, without any compromise on equipment quality and reliability.Get price

Dutch pilot project proves suitability of eco-efficient

Jun 13, 2017 · Yet, to meet the goal of a sustainable grid solution, they sought an alternative to the potent greenhouse gas sf 6, the usual insulation medium used in compact gas-insulated switchgear (GIS). ABBground-breaking AirPlus technology provided a perfect match with the SafeRing AirPlus, a gas-insulated gaz sf6 -free RMU.Get price

Application Page

The project aims at contributing to a sustainable transformation of industrial energy usage practices in South Africa by putting the system of Energy Management Standards (EMS) in place and ensuring that industries in agro-processing, chemical and liquid fuels, mechanical engineering, automotive and mining industry use it.Get price

Di-electric Gases Market: Global Industry Analysis, Size

Sulphur hexafluoride (gaz sf6), dry air are some of the examples of gaseous dielectric materials. In high voltage applications, dielectric gases are used as insulators such as gas-insulated switchgear, gas circuit breaker, gas-insulated transmission line, and other power equipment. Global Di-electric Gases Market: Growth FactorsGet price

COVID lockdowns' impact on greenhouse gas emissions a "tiny blip"

Nov 23, 2020 · Geneva — Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the main driver of climate change, hit record highs last year and have continued climbing in 2020 despite measures to halt the COVID-19 pandemic, theGet price