Regulation of Air Pollution: Switzerland -

Air Pollution ControlGreenhouse Gas Emissions ReductionRenewable FuelsEven though the air quality in Switzerland has improved since the 1980s, pollution continues to be higher than the ambient limit values set out in the relevant legislation. Air pollution reduction measures are mainly codified in the Environmental Protection Act (EPA). The EPA contains general provisions that apply to all aspects of environmental protection and is supplemented by various detailed implementing ordinances. For the area of air pollution control and reduction these are in particular the Ordinance on Air Pollution Control (OAPC), the Chemical Risk Reduction Ordinance, the Ordinance on Incentive Taxation of Petrol and Diesel with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.001% (PDSO), the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Extra-Light Heating Oil with a Sulfur Content of More Than 0.1% (ELHOO), and the Ordinance on the Incentive Tax on Volatile Organic Compounds (OVOC).The legislation is mainly focused on reducing air pollution from respirable particulate matter (PM10), nitrogen oxide...Get price

Switzerland: Nonroad: Emissions | Transport Policy

Nonroad engine emissions in Switzerland are regulated based on the Air Pollution Control Ordinance (LRV 00, App. 2) (Schweizerische Luftreinhalteverordnung of 16 December 1985, amended 28 March 2000). The LRV 00 mandates that “emissions are to be reduced in as much as technically, organizationally and economically justifiable…”Get price

Switzerland 2018 update - IEA Bioenergy

Table 2 expresses the 2016 TPES figures per capita, considering Switzerland’s population of 8.37 million people. Compared to the other 22 member countries of IEA Bioenergy (expressed per capita), Switzerland ranks in the top 3 for renewable MSW, halfway for biogas and solid biofuels, and in the lower end for liquid biofuels.Get price

Products - sf6 gas-gas Gasbanor (Switzerland) GmbH, Micafluid

Sf6–GasSf6–Gas PropertiesSf6-Gas Recovery & Servicing EquipmentSf6–Gas Treatment and Recovery Unit - Gtru – 020Sf6–Gas Treatment and Recovery Unit - Gtru – 040Sf6–Gas Treatment and Recovery Units - Gtru – 060Sf6-Gas Refilling Units Grc– 250– R01, R02, Grc– 400– R01, R02Grcvp– 250– R01, R02 / Grcvp– 400– R01, R02Heavy gas sulfur hexafluoride (Sulfr hexafluoride) was originally discovered in the 1930s. Despite its outstanding qualities as an gaseous electrical insulator, it had initially no practical use in engineering. It was only by the end of the 1950s, first in the USA and soon afterwards in Europe that this particular gas was more extensively explored, leading to its principle application as an extinguishing and electrical insulating medium. Commonly used in power applications, insulating gasis used in high-voltage circuit breakers, metal-enclosed switchgear, linear accelerators, high-voltage transformers, capacitors and gas insulated lines worldwide.Get price

Production and consumption - Swissgrid

Total energy consumption. This chart illustrates the development of overall energy consumption per month in Switzerland. This is the volume of energy consumed, including pumps in pumped storage plants, in-house consumption by power plants, and losses in the whole electric grid.Get price

Price elasticities of electricity demand in Switzerland

In Switzerland, the market for residential electricity is dominated by a large number of comparatively small local or regional network operators. Of the 650 utilities – in their majority publicly owned and run entities – that operated in Switzerland in 2015, less than 77 serviced more than 10’000 end consumers (ElCom, 2017a).Get price

Lecture Halls - Room Acoustics and Sound Reinforcement

In Switzerland the Swiss Acoustical Society SGA-SSA has presented a recommendation for sound systems for architects and building contractors [8]. This is supple-mented by guidelines for structures for hearing impaired persons [11]. DIN 18041 [5] now also gives requirements for sound systems. If the system is part of an evacuationGet price

Dielectric gas - Wikipedia

A dielectric gas, or insulating gas, is a dielectric material in gaseous state. Its main purpose is to prevent or rapidly quench electric discharges.Dielectric gases are used as electrical insulators in high voltage applications, e.g. transformers, circuit breakers (namely sulfur hexafluoride circuit breakers), switchgear (namely high voltage switchgear), radar waveguides, etc.Get price

Community Chosen for AFG Arena, Switzerland | Community

The complete audio system for the new stadium was designed by PolyConcept AG, based in Dietikon, Switzerland. PolyConcept designed one audio distribution and loudspeaker system that provides high quality voice announcement and music reproduction for the games and also meets strict evacuation specifications.Get price

Dielectric Gases | Electrical4U

Breakdown in GasesBreakdown MechanismProperties of Dielectric GasesApplication of Dielectric GasesActually, it is the fall in resistance of the insulating gases. This will happen when the applied voltage increases than the breakdown voltage (dielectric strength). As a result of this, the gas will begin to conduct. That is, there will be a strong voltage rise in a small area in the gas. This area of strong voltage rise is the reason of partial ionisation of nearby gas and starts conduction. This is made intentionally in low pressure discharges (in an electrostatic precipitator or in fluorescent lights). The Paschen’s law approximated the voltage which causes electrical breakdown (V = f(pd)). It is actually an equation which explains the breakdown voltage as the function of product of pressure and gap length. In that a curve is obtained, this is called Paschen’s curve. The Paschen’s curve for air and argon is represented in figure 1. Here, as pressure is decreased, the breakdown voltage also reduced and then gradually increases which exceeds the original value. At standard pressur...Get price

Research of Intelligent Evacuation System | SpringerLink

Aug 16, 2013 · Abstract. Design a system that combines the professional intelligent evacuation system and GIS (Geographic Information Systems), which can dynamically guide people to leave the fire site in the shortest time through a safe route according to instantaneity situation.Get price

904-1317-002 - GENTEX CORP - GEC3-24WR - | Anixter

Evacuation Horn/Strobe, Low Profile, 24 VDC, 30 to 103 Milliampere, 2400 Hertz, 100 dB, 4.5 Width x 2.5 Depth x 5 Height, Wall Mount, Red FaceplateGet price

Gotthard Base Tunnel - Wikipedia

DescriptionHistoryPoliticsFiguresSafetyTrafficSee AlsoExternal LinksThe Gotthard Base Tunnel, with a length of 57.09 km (35.47 mi) and a total of 151.84 km (94.3 mi) of tunnels, shafts and passages, is the longest railway tunnel in the world,[note 2] with a geodetic distance of 55.782 km (34.661 mi) between the two portals. It is also the first flat route through the Alps or any other major mountain range, with a maximum height of 549 m (1,801 ft) above sea level, corresponding to that of Bern. It is the deepest railway tunnel in the world, with a maximum depth of 2,450 m (8,040 ft), comparable to that of the deepest mineson Earth. Without ventilation, the temperature inside the mountain reaches 46 °C (115 °F). Like the two other tunnels passing below the Gotthard, the Gotthard Base Tunnel connects two Alpine valleys across the Saint-Gotthard Massif: the Urner Reusstal in the canton of Uri, in which flows the river Reuss, and the Valle Leventina, the largest valley in the canton of Ticino, in which the river Ticino flows. Unlike most other tunnels,...Get price

The Sphere Handbook: Humanitarian Charter and Minimum

1202 Geneva, Switzerland Email: [email protected] Website: First edition 2000 Second edition 2004 Third edition 2011 Fourth edition 2018Get price

Air Pollution in Switzerland: Real-time Air Quality Index

Usage Notice: All the Air Quality data are unvalidated at the time of publication, and due to quality assurance these data may be amended, without notice, at any time.. The World Air Quality Index project has exercised all reasonable skill and care in compiling the contents of this information and under no circumstances will the World Air Quality Index project team or its agents be liable inGet price

Fire safety | Building technology | Siemens Global

Fire safety involves many disciplines from detection, alarming, evacuation and extinguishing to danger and building management. Only if all of them are carefully geared to each other as well as your specific requirements can you be assured that your employees, visitors, guests and assets are maximally protected.Get price

Medium voltage switchgear - Schneider Electric

Confidential Property of Schneider Electric 5 Voltage bands according to IEC 60038-2002 Ed 6.2 Voltage levels classifications : Low – Highest voltage of the equipment ≤1.1kVGet price

Dielectrics - Definition, Classification, Dielectric

Dielectrics, in general, can be described as materials that are very poor conductors of electric current. They are basically insulators and contain no free electron.Get price

Cerberus™ PRO Overview Technical documentation Introduction

Technical specifications and availability subject to change without notice. Transmittal, reproduction, dissemination and/or editing of this document as well as utilization of its contents and communication thereof to others without express authorization are prohibited. Offenders will be held liable for payment of damages.Get price

USER GUIDE: WHO technical specification for medical devices

examples include the technical specifications for a blood pressure meter and for a pulse oximeter developed in 2008. Furthermore, a proposal to develop technical specifications for medical devices was initiated in 2011. Development of WHO technical specifications WHO technical advisory group meeting (Annex 1) took place in Geneva, SwitzerlandGet price

Switzerland Carbon (CO2) Emissions 1960-2021 | MacroTrends

Switzerland carbon (co2) emissions for 2016 was 34,477.13, a 3.35% decline from 2015. Switzerland carbon (co2) emissions for 2015 was 35,672.58, a 0.02% decline from 2014. Switzerland carbon (co2) emissions for 2014 was 35,679.91, a 11.75% decline from 2013. Switzerland carbon (co2) emissions for 2013 was 40,432.34, a 6.81% increase from 2012.Get price

Dielectric Gases Market Witnessing Strong Growth - Communal News

Sep 16, 2020 · The dielectric gases market is estimated to rise 1.8x with a very healthy 7% CAGR between 2020 and 2030. The coronavirus pandemic is anticipated to have a detrimental impact on the dielectric gases industry.Get price

Switzerland CO2 Emissions - Worldometer

CO2 emissions per capita in Switzerland are equivalent to 4.73 tons per person (based on a population of 8,379,917 in 2016), a dicrease by -0.16 over the figure of 4.89 CO2 tons per person registered in 2015; this represents a change of-3.3% in CO2 emissions per capita.Get price

Fire safety | Building technology | Siemens United Kingdom

Fire safety involves many disciplines from detection, alarming and evacuation to danger and building management. Only if all of them are carefully geared to each other as well as your specific requirements can you be assured that your employees, visitors, guests and assets are maximally protected.Get price

Electricity | Switzerland Tourism

The voltage in Switzerland, as in most of Europe, is 230V/50 Hz. Switzerland uses type C (2-pin) and Type J (3-pin) plugs. (Type C 2-pin plugs also fit J sockets.) Most power sockets are designed for three pin round plugs. The standard continental type plug with two round pins, applied for many electrical travel products, may be used withoutGet price

NIST AuiDs iMisr ^^^^H Commerce

rhe NationalInstituteofStandardsandTechnologywasestablishedin1988byCongressto"assistindustryin thedevelopmentoftechnology.neededtoimproveproductqualityGet price

PilotInterview – Damien Heath on the PC-24 Operated by

Dec 12, 2019 · The Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia (RFDS Central Operations) took delivery of its first PC-24 in early May 2019. Chief pilot Damien Heath gives us his thoughts on the expanded fleet and talks to us about his experience as a PC-24 pilot.Get price

Mirion Radiation Products: Nuclear Detection Measurement

Mirioncollection of radiation monitoring, measurement control products span a variety of industries and needs. Find the right solution for you.Get price

CoroDrill® 860 - solid carbide drill for maximum productivity

CoroDrill® 860 is a solid carbide drill designed for fast and problem-free drilling, maximizing productivity through high metal cutting efficiency. With excellent chip evacuation in long and short chipping materials, CoroDrill 860 provides green light machining at high penetration rates.Get price